Weaving Ways of Knowing
Etuaptmumk (Two-Eyed Seeing)
Etuaptmumk (Two-Eyed Seeing):
Etuaptmumk (Mi’kmaw for Two-Eyed Seeing) is a framework for bringing knowledge systems together grounded in Mi’kmaq understandings of the gift of multiple perspectives. Mi’kmaq Elder Albert Marshall describes Etuaptmumk as a process through which the strengths of Indigenous knowledges are seen through one eye, and the strengths of Western knowledges through the other, so that both distinct eyes may be used together for the benefit of all (Bartlett, Marshall, and Marshall, 2012).
Two-eyed seeing and other lessons learned within a co-learning journey of bringing together indigenous and mainstream knowledges and ways of knowing
Bartlett, C. Marshall, M., and Marshall, A. (2012). Two-eyed seeing and other lessons learned within a co-learning journey of bringing together indigenous and mainstream knowledges and ways of knowing. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 2, 331-340.
Two-Eyed Seeing”: An Indigenous framework to transform fisheries research and management
Reid, A.J., Eckert, L.E., Lance, J-F., Young, N., Hinch, S.G., Darimont, C.T., Cooke, S.J., Ban, N.C., and Marshall, A. (2020). “Two-Eyed Seeing”: An Indigenous framework to transform fisheries research and management.
Using Two-eyed Seeing in Research with Indigenous People
Wright, A.L., Gabel, C., Ballantyne, M., Jack, S.M., and Wahoush, O. (2019). Using Two-eyed Seeing in Research with Indigenous People: An Integrative Review. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 18.
Two-eyed Seeing and Beyond
Video: Two-eyed Seeing and Beyond with Mi’kmaq Elder Albert Marshall and Drs. Jesse Popp, Andrea Reid, and Deborah McGregor, moderated by Jacquie Miller.
Two Eyed Seeing with Elders
Video: Two Eyed Seeing with Elders Albert and Murdeena Marshall and collaborator Dr. Cheryll Bartlett.
Etuaptmumk with Rebecca Thomas
Video: Etuaptmumk with Rebecca Thomas